Åland FAQ

How many people live in Åland?

Åland had 29,789 residents as of December 31, 2018, comprised of 11,743 residents in Mariehamn, 15,973 in the country, and 2,073 in the archipelago.

How many islands does Åland have?

There are 6,757 islands with a size of at least 0.25 hectares. In addition, there are around 20,000 smaller islands and skerries.

How many tourists visit Åland?

2018 saw over 410,000 overnight stays in Åland’s hotels, guest homes, campsites and holiday villages. Not included is the significant amount of stays in smaller facilities and private cottages.

How high is unemployment in Åland?

The unemployment rate in Åland was 3.5 per cent as of 2018. Relative unemployment rate normally sits at 2.4 per cent. During the recession of the 1990’s, the rate was nine per cent at its highest.

How dependent is Åland on shipping?

In 2016, shipping accounted for 20 per cent of Åland’s GDP and over six per cent of its employment. Almost 1,000 of those living in Åland are employed within sea transport. Furthermore, there are ca 1,000 employees living in Finland who work in Åland-registered sea vessels owned by Åland shipping companies.

What proportion of Åland’s population were born outside of Åland?

Over a third of the inhabitants were born outside of Åland. Most come from Finland and Sweden, but with time more are moving in from non-Nordic countries. Åland has migrants from a total of 105 different countries.

How high is Åland’s voter turnout?

2019’s election saw a turnout of 69.7 percent. This is low from a Nordic perspective, lowest if one compares the latest parliamentary votes in the North.

How many cars are there in Åland?

There are over 23,300 personal cars, or 798 cars per 1,000 people. This gives Åland the highest car density in the Nordic countries.

How large is Åland’s GDP?

In 2016, the gross domestic product’s value in current market prices amounted to ca 1.3 billion euros, which constitutes ca 43,800 euro/capita. In comparison to 2015, this translates to an increase of about eight million euros.

Where do Ålanders study?

In the fall of 2018, Åland had just over 1,000 students at upper secondary level, along with almost 500 students at the Åland University of Applied Sciences and 80 students in other education including students with domiciles outside Åland. Throughout 2018, there were over 170 Ålanders studying at upper secondary level outside of Åland, as well as almost 1,200 pursuing higher learning and just over 50 receiving other education. Of those studying outside Åland, almost 63 per cent went to Sweden, almost 33 per cent went to Finland, and almost five percent were divided over about twenty other countries.

How does the housing standard look in Åland?

Only seven per cent of the households in Åland are overcrowded. The average housing area per person is 47 square metres. Over 65 per cent of the residences were constructed in or after 1970. During the 21st century, almost 200 new residences have been built annually.

What does electricity supply look like in Åland?

Of the total electricity acquisition of 320 GWh in 2018, 74 per cent was imported from Sweden and 9 per cent from Finland, with the remaining 17 per cent having been produced on Åland using wind power.

What does the consumption of culture look like on Åland?

The statistics show, for example, that over 378,000 loans occurred from the 16 communal libraries in 2018. This translates to just under 13 loans per inhabitant. 40-60 books are published in Åland every year, of which 10-20 per cent are fiction. In 2016, over 145,000 visits were made to the six bigger museums.

Is the archipelago being depopulated?

The six archipelago municipalities show a somewhat depleting population trend. The number of inhabitants in the 21st century has increased certain years and decreased other years. On average, the archipelago population in the period of 2000-2018 has decreased each year by 15 people, or 0.6 per cent.