Åland FAQ

How many people live in Åland?

Åland had 30,129 residents as of December 31, 2020, comprised of 11,705 residents in Mariehamn, 16,356 in the country, and 2,068 in the archipelago.

How many islands does Åland have?

There are 6,757 islands with a size of at least 0.25 hectares. In addition, there are around 20,000 smaller islands and skerries.

How many tourists visit Åland?

2020 saw over 167,000 guest nights in Åland’s hotels, guest homes, campsites and holiday villages. Not included is the significant amount of stays in smaller facilities and private cottages. In 2020, the number of guest nights was extremely low due to the Covid-19-pandemic. In 2019, guest nights amounted to 209,000.

How high is unemployment in Åland?

Relative unemployment rate normally sits at two-four per cent, but during the Covid-19-pandemic unemployment increased considerably. In 2020, the relative unemployment rate was 9.5 per cent.

How dependent is Åland on shipping?

In 2018, shipping accounted for 16 per cent of Åland’s GDP and over 7 per cent of its employment. 

What proportion of Åland’s population were born outside of Åland?

Over a third of the inhabitants were born outside of Åland. Most come from Finland and Sweden, but with time more are moving in from non-Nordic countries. Åland has migrants from more than 100 different countries.

How high is Åland’s voter turnout?

2019’s election saw a turnout of 69.7 percent. This is low from a Nordic perspective, lowest if one compares the latest parliamentary votes in the North.

How many cars are there in Åland?

There are over 25,300 private cars, or 840 cars per 1,000 people. This gives Åland the highest car density in the Nordic countries.

How large is Åland’s GDP?

In 2018, the gross domestic product’s value in current market prices amounted to ca 1.3 billion euros, which constitutes ca 42,000 euro/capita. In comparison to 2017, this translates to a decrease of about 76 million euros.

Where do Ålanders study?

In the fall of 2020, Åland had just over 1,100 students at upper secondary level, along with almost 500 students at the Åland University of Applied Sciences and 40 students in other education including students with domiciles outside Åland. Throughout 2020, there were 180 Ålanders studying at upper secondary level outside of Åland, as well as almost 1,200 pursuing higher learning and just over 50 receiving other education. Of those studying outside Åland, 62 per cent went to Sweden, 33 per cent went to Finland, and almost 5 percent were divided over about twenty other countries.

How does the housing standard look in Åland?

Only seven per cent of the households in Åland are overcrowded. The average housing area per person is 47 square metres. Two thirds of the residences were constructed in or after 1970. During the 21st century, almost 200 new residences have been built annually.

What does electricity supply look like in Åland?

Of the total electricity acquisition of 300 GWh in 2020, 77 per cent was imported from Sweden and 4 per cent from Finland, with the remaining 19 per cent having been produced on Åland using wind power and bio energy.

What does the consumption of culture look like on Åland?

The statistics show, for example, that 342,000 loans occurred from the 16 communal libraries in 2020. This translates to just above eleven loans per inhabitant. 40-60 books are published in Åland every year, of which 10-20 per cent are fiction. In 2020, over 105,000 visits were made to the six bigger museums.

Is the archipelago being depopulated?

The six archipelago municipalities show a somewhat depleting population trend. The number of inhabitants in the 21st century has increased certain years and decreased other years. On average, the archipelago population in the period of 2000-2019 has decreased each year by 15 people, or 0.6 per cent. In 2020, the archipelago population increased by 11 persons.